1. In the transcription of medical reports, symbols are occasionally used to represent words.
2. The symbol x represents the word times and also by in measurements. Spaces are supplied before and after the x.
Dictated: bleeding times three days
Transcribed: bleeding x 3 days
Dictated: A lesion measuring 3 by 5 cm
Transcribed: A lesion measuring 3 x 5 cm
3. The ampersand (&) is used to represent the word and. There is no space before or after the ampersand.
Dictated: The patient underwent a D and C.
Transcribed: The patient underwent a D&C.
Dictated: The lungs are clear to P and A.
Transcribed: The lungs are clear to P&A.
4. The slash mark (/)-sometimes referred to as a diagonal, virgule, and stroke mark-is often used to represent the word per, especially in the expression of numerical values and units of measurement.
There were 2 to 4 WBC/hpf. white blood cells per high-power field)
She was placed on 1 cc/kg. (one cubic centimeter per kilogram)
5. The slash mark is also used to represent the word over.
Blood pressure is 140/84. (140 over 84)
The patient's vision was 20/50. (20 over 50)
6. Other commonly used symbols are the plus or positive sign (+), the minus or negative sign (-), and the percent sign ( % )
He had 3+ blood in his urine specimen.
This pregnant lady is Rh-.
FEV1 was 85% of predicted.